Glossaire | Interreg Caraïbes


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e-Cohesion is the computerised exchange of data. Managing Authorities must ensure that all the data exchange between programme authorities and beneficiaries (i.e., after signature of the Subsidy Contract) can be done via an electronic data exchange platform. This requirement aims at decreasing paper flow in the programmes.

e-cohésion (échange informatisé des données)

Sampling refers to verification of less than 100% of items in a given budget line based on a methodology defined in advance and; professional judgement of a controller. (HIT)


An outcome is an intended situation, which is a combination of project results, outputs and deliverables, at the end of the project or soon thereafter.

equal opportunities

Equal opportunities is the principle and practice of non-discrimination that makes opportunities in education, employment, resource distribution and other areas freely available to everyone, regardless of their age, race, sex, political association, ethnic origin and any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance and qualifications. Equality and non-discrimination is a cornerstone of EU law and policy-making, and the EU is committed to developing measures to ensure equal opportunities.

égalité des chances

An interview is a documented discussion, for example between a project partner and FLC. Interviews can be rather short and relate to a specific open question, or quite extensive; e.g., in order to obtain a good understanding of accounting processes, procurement, transfer of funds to partners, etc.


Equipment is a budget line that covers any tool, device, instrument, software, etc. purchased, rented or leased by a partner, necessary to achieve objectives of the project. This includes equipment already in possession by the partner organisation and used to carry out project activities (only pro-rata cost related to the project is eligible). (HIT)

systemic irregularity/error

A systematic irregularity/error is any irregularity, which may be of a recurring nature and has a high probability of occurrence in similar types of operations, which results from a serious deficiency in the effective functioning of a management and control system, including a failure to establish appropriate procedures in accordance with regulations and the fund-specific rules.

erreur/irrégularité systémique
Member State (MS)

A Member State is a state that is a member of the European Union. The EU currently has 28 Member States.

État membre
feasibility study

A feasibility study is an analysis of the ability to complete an operation successfully, taking into account legal, economic, technological, scheduling and other factors. It evaluates the project's potential for success. The two criteria to judge feasibility are cost required and value to be attained.

étude de faisabilité

Evaluation is the periodic assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness, impact, sustainability and relevance of a project/programme in the context of stated objectives. This assessment is usually undertaken as an independent examination with a view to drawing lessons that may guide future decision-making.

impact evaluation

An impact evaluation provides information about the impacts produced by an intervention - positive and negative, intended and unintended, direct and indirect. This means that an impact evaluation must establish what has been the cause of observed changes (in this case ‘impacts’) referred to as causal attribution (also referred to as causal inference).

évaluation de l'impact
ex-ante evaluation

Ex-ante evaluation is evaluation of a programme before its implementation. The ex-ante evaluation ensures that the Cooperational Programme articulates its intervention logic, and that that it contributes to the Europe 2020 strategy.

évaluation ex-ante
ex-post evaluation

Ex-post evaluation is the responsibility of the European Commission in close cooperation with Member States and Managing Authorities. The ex-post evaluation is carried out after the programme implementation period in order to obtain a view of the programming period as a whole. The purpose of the ex-post evaluation is to assess the effectiveness, efficiency and impact of EU funds.

évaluation ex-post
inspection of documents and records

Inspection of documents and records is the reading and understanding of any relevant document, electronic record or print out of an electronic record. It is a standard procedure of first level controllers and the joint secretariat.

examen et tenue des documents et des dossiers
external expertise and services

External Expertise and Services is the budget line that covers expenditures of contracting experts, not staff of beneficiaries, and external services - for example, hiring a venue for an event.

expertises et services externes