Glossaire | Interreg Caraïbes


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payment of the final balance

Payment of the final balance is the final payment made by the Commission to the Programmes. To receive a final payment from the Commission, the Member States must provide a final statement of expenditure and a final implementation report for each operational programme.

paiement du solde final
assimilated project partner

An assimilated project partner is a project partner located outside (the Union part of) the programme area which is competent in its scope of action for certain parts of the eligible area (e.g., ministries). Given the partner's competence in (the Union part of) the programme area, assimilated partners are treated as partners located inside the area.

partenaire assimilé

Un partenaire de projet assimilé est un partenaire de projet situé en dehors (de la partie de l'Union Européenne) de la zone du programme qui est compétent dans son champ d'action pour certaines parties de la zone éligible (par exemple, les ministères). Compte tenu de la compétence du partenaire dans (la partie syndicale de) la zone du programme, les partenaires assimilés sont traités comme des partenaires situés dans cette zone.

associated project partner

An associated project partner is a project partner participating in the project without financially contributing to it.

partenaire associé du projet

Un partenaire de projet associé est un partenaire de projet qui prend part au projet sans y contribuer financièrement.

project partner

A project partner is a partner organisation involved in the project implementation.

partenaire de projet

A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based organizations, governments or combinations. They may work in a partnershiop to increase the likelihood of each achieving their mission, and to amplify their reach.

public private partnership

Public private partnerships' (PPPs) are forms of cooperation between public bodies and the private sector. Their aim is to improve the delivery of investments in infrastructure projects or other types of operations, delivering public services through risk sharing, pooling of private sector expertise or additional sources of capital.

partenariat public-privé
union part of the programme area

The Union part of the programme area is the part of the geographical area covered by the programme that are EU territories. In some programmes, the programme area may also cover territories outside EU (e.g., Norway, Switzerland, etc.), thus be outside the Union part of the programme area.

partie européenne de la zone couverte le programme

A stakeholder is anyone, internal or external to an organisation, who has an interest in a project or will be affected by its outputs and results.

partie prenante
candidate country

A candidate country is a country negotiating to join the EU, prospective or aspiring or would-be members, EU contenders, possible/likely/potential future member countries.

pays candidat à l'adhésion
eligibility period

The eligibility period is the timeframe during which project expenditure must be incurred and paid (unless simplified cost options are used) in order to qualify for reimbursement from the programme funds.

période d'éligibilité
reporting period

A reporting period is a designated period of time during the project lifetime; activities carried out and expenditure incurred and paid (unless simplified cost options apply) during a reporting period are presented in a Progress Report, and are subject to programme co-financing.

période de déclaration
Small and Medium Sized Enterprise (SME)

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are defined in the EU recommendation 2003/361. The category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is made up of enterprises with fewer than 250 employees and an annual turnover of no more than EUR 50 million, and/or an annual balance sheet totalling no more than EUR 43 million. Within the SME category, a small enterprise is defined as an enterprise with less than 50 employees and an annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet totalling no more than EUR 10 million. Within the SME category, a microenterprise is defined as an enterprise with fewer than 10 employees and an annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total of no more than EUR 2 million.

Petites et Moyennes Entreprises (PME)
project implementation phase

The project implementation phase starts after project approval, and is the period when project partners perform the activities which were presented in the application form and approved by the programme.

phase de mise en oeuvre du projet
project preparation phase

The project preparation phase is the period when project partners develop the project proposal and prepare the application form.

phase de préparation du projet
accounting document of equivalent probative value

An accounting document of equivalent probative value is any document submitted by an implementing body to prove that the book entry gives a true and fair view of the transactions actually made, in accordance with standard accounting practice.

pièce comptable de valeur probante équivalente

Un document comptable de valeur probante équivalente désigne tout document présenté par un organisme d'exécution pour prouver que l'écriture comptable donne une image fidèle des transactions réelles effectuées dans les normes de pratiques comptables.

audit trail

An adequate audit trail ensures that the accounting records maintained and the supporting documents held at the level of the certifying authority, managing authority, intermediate bodies and beneficiaries are adequate for tracing expenditures.

piste d’audit
budget ceiling

The budget ceiling is the upper limit of available budget, in terms of total budget per project, per partner, budget per workpackage or budget per reporting period.

plafond budgétaire
de minimis ceiling

De Minimis Ceiling is the maximum amount of public funding given to a single beneficiary (up to €200,000 over a 3-year fiscal period) that has a negligible impact on trade and competition, and does not require notification.

plafond de minimis
evaluation plan

The evaluation plan is the strategic document which will accompany a programme throughout its life and support its result orientation. In the new programming period it is compulsory for the Managing Authority to draft an evaluation plan for their Cooperational Programme. The purpose of an evaluation plan is to improve the quality of evaluations carried out during the programming period, and to provide a framework for planning impact evaluation. In addition, it ensures that evaluations provide inputs for annual implementation and progress reports.

plan d'évaluation
commemorative plaque

A commemorative plaque is a plaque displayed in visible places on or at structures built with EU funding or co-funding. As part of the opening ceremony of permanent structures, contractors and partners should place a permanent plaque in the most visible part of the building, such as the main entrance or in front of the building. When appropriate, the plaque could contain the following sentence: “This [name of the structure] was funded by the European Union”, with the EU flag placed underneath it. Commemorative plaques must be placed in the entrance of Infrastructures such as houses, clinics, factories, institutions, training centres, roads, bridges, etc. built under the Project. For editable EU template for plaques:

plaque commémorative permanente
Cohesion policy

Cohesion Policy is the European Union's strategy to promote and support the ‘overall harmonious development’ of its Member States and regions. Enshrined in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Art. 174), the EU's cohesion policy aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion by reducing disparities in the level of development between regions. The policy focuses on key areas which will help the EU face up to the challenges of the 21st century and remain globally competitive. Approximately 32.5 % of the EU budget 2014-2020 (equivalent to ca. EUR 351.8 billion over seven years at 2014 prices) is allocated to financial instruments which support cohesion policy. These are managed and delivered in partnership between the European Commission, the Member States and stakeholders at the local and regional level.

Politique de cohésion

An applicant is an organisation which is applying for funding.

porteur de projet

Un demandeur est une organisation qui fait une demande de financement.

pre-financing payments

Pre-financing payments are made between 2014 and 2016 once the Commission has approved an operational programme. Initial pre-financing is made in yearly instalments of 1 % of the funding amount for the operational programme over the entire programming period. From 2016 to 2023, an annual pre-financing of between 2 % and 3 % of the entire funding amount is paid.

proof of payment

Proof of Payment referes to a document that shows the actual defrayal of expenditure; e.g., bank account statement, bank transfer confirmation, cash receipt, etc. (HIT)

preuve de paiement
polluter pays principle

"Polluter pays principle" (PPP) is one of the principles of the EU's environmental policy. The "polluter pays principle", which is mentioned in Article 191 § 3 of the TFEU (ex Article174, § 2, of the EC Treaty), means that the cost incurred in combating pollution and nuisances in the first instance falls to the polluter; i.e., the polluting industry. Given, however, that the polluting industry can pass the cost of the prevention or elimination of pollution on to the consumer, the principle amounts to saying that polluting production should bear the expenditure corresponding to the measures necessary to combat pollution (investment in apparatus and equipment for combating pollution, implementation of new processes, operating expenditure for anti-pollution plant, etc.), and the charges, the purpose of which is to encourage the polluter himself to take, as cheaply as possible, the necessary measures to reduce the pollution caused by him (incentive function) or to make him bear his share of the costs of collective purification measures (redistribution function). The European guidelines on State Aid for environmental protection are designed to ensure that aid granted for environmental purposes complies with the "polluter pays" principle.

principe du pollueur-payeur
horizontal principles

Horizontal principles, in the context of EU funded work, are core principles of importance that cut across and are relevant to all areas of the work of EU funded projects.

principe horizontal
programme priority (axis)

A programme priority (axis) is an area of thematic intervention in the programme.

priorité du programme (axe thématique)
written procedure

Written procedure is a method used by programme management bodies to make a decision. They arrive at the decision by discussing in writing and sharing documents physically at meetings.

procédure écrite

Minutes are permanent, formal, detailed written records of discussions held and decisions taken at an official meeting.

procès-verbal, compte-rendu

Programming refers to the administrative mechanism used to pursue the objectives of the European Structural and Investment Funds. Multi-annual programmes – known as operational programmes – ensure consistency and continuity over a seven-year period. Programmes relate to specific geographical areas at international, national or sub-national level, depending on the governance arrangements in place. Programme aims include identifying strategic priorities and indicative actions, outlining financial allocations, and summarising management and control systems.

cooperation programme

The Cooperation Programme (CP) is a document setting out programmes objectives, priority axes, indicators, financing plan, etc. as explained in Art. 8 ETC Regulation 1299/2013 and presented in the Model for cooperation programmes under European Territorial Cooperation goal. In the case of the Investment for Growth and Jobs goal, this document is called Operational Programme.

programme de coopération
operational programme

An Operational Programme is a detailed plan in which Member States set out how money from the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) will be spent during the programming period. They can be drawn up for a specific region or a country-wide thematic goal (e.g., Environment). For the European Territorial Cooperation goal, cross-border or interregional operational programmes are drawn up. Member States submit their operational programmes on the basis of their Partnership Agreements. Each Operational Programme specifies which of the 11 thematic objectives that guide cohesion policy in the 2014-20 programming period will be addressed through the funding available under the Operational Programmes.

programme opérationnel

A project is a sequence of tasks needed to achieve fixed objectives with limited resources (budget and staff) and within a defined timeframe.


Proportionality regulates how the European Union exercises its powers. The proportionality principle means that, to achieve its aims, the EU will only take the action it needs to and no more. The principle is enshrined in the Treaty on European Union under Article 5, which states: ‘the content and form of Union action shall not exceed what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Treaties’.


Publicity refers to information, documents, materials and/or other products prepared by a programme/project for the public, using one or several communication channels/instruments. For example, publishing a report, document or publication on a programme website.